Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation Process-ModernBusinessIdeas

Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation Process-ModernBusinessIdeas

Paddy straw mushroom farming

In a country like India, where most of the population is vegetarian, the importance of the Mushroom is very much in terms of nutrition. Here mushrooms are used as vegetable.

. There are two groups of Khubby growers in India who cultivate it only during the season and others who grow mushrooms all year. Three types of Mushroom are grown commercially in India. Button Khumbi, Oyster Khumbi and Dhanapula or Padstra (Paddystraw Khumbi) can be grown easily in any airy room or shed. The paddestra khubby is mainly cultivated in coastal areas. It is a dark and very tasty variety.

Paddystraw  mushroom businessbusiness ideasnew business ideassmall business ideasgood business ideas
Paddystraw  mushroom businessbusiness ideasnew business ideassmall business ideasgood business ideas 


Showing Time of Paddy Straw Mushroom in India

In India, paddy straw mushroom is grown from mid-May to mid-September. For paddy straw Khumbi crop, the temperature is 34 to 38 degree centigrade and 80-85% moisture or humidity is appropriate. It is grown both in the room or in the open in the room, both in the open.

Cultivation of Paddy Straw

For growing paddy straw in the open, 100 cm long X 60 cm wide X 15-20 cm high brick or clay slurry is made. To protect against direct sunlight and rain, sheds are made on them.

It is grown in paddy straw alone by mixing it with equal amount of cotton garbage. Tie paddy straw in 7-8 cm thick diameter and cut them in the size of 70-80 cm in length. After this, allow these bastards to be wet in a hog for 12 to 16 hours. After a certain time, remove straw from the water and lay it on the floor. So that excess water can drain out.

Spanning of Paddy Straw Mushroom

Mushroom seeds are called spans. Prepare the structure of the boss of the same size in the already prepared, in the shifts. Keep the stems of straw stacked on top of these structures. All the ends of the bundles should be on one side.

Put four bundles on it and this time the tied end should be in the opposite direction. Thus the puzzle layer was ready. Now scatter the seeds on this layer. If you are already using seeds prepared on Dhanpul, then plant a piece of equal size of its thumb, in a 4-5 cm depth, at a distance of 10-12 cm. Grate the seeds of gram or gram flour or gram of gram or gram in a small quantity, as per the above mentioned method, by placing 4/4 cloves of straw and making a second layer by seeding, Similarly make the third and fourth layer. Cover this heap of bundles with a transparent sheet of plastic. Keep in mind that it does not touch the sheet bits.

Post spanning Care of Paddy Straw Mushroom

In 7-8 days of seedling, fungal trap of Khumbi will be completely spread within the straw. For fungal trap 32 to 36 degrees centigrade is very suitable. After spreading the fungal trap, remove the transparent sheet of plastic and if the straw is dry, spray light water on it. In about 15-18 days of seeding, khariyas will be visible in the trench. When the upper end of the Khumbi starts to appear after the rupture of the membrane (volvo), then the Khumbi should be broken.

Production and storage of Paddy Straw Mushroom

Padistra mushroom yields up to 10-12 days. About 12 to 13 kg of Khumbi is obtained from 100 kilograms wet straw. 2-2.5 kilograms of fragrant leaves emerge from each pellet. Paddy straw or padistra are very delicate and they can be stored in the fridge for 2-3 days only.

Cultivation Technique of Paddy Straw Mushroom in room

Make racks from bos or iron angles in the room. Up to one, four racks of 45 to 50 cm high can be made. The bottom hair rack should be 25-30 cm above the ground. The cultivation in the closed room of Pedestrian Khumbi is done on a compost compost made from a special method.

Preparation of compost and filling it in the racks

Compost manure is made in two parts. Sprinkle the straw of paddy on the floor, soak the straw of straw, whose height is between 1.5 meters and width 1.25 to 1.5 meters. After two days, after opening this pile, add 5 grams of paddy husk to the weight. After mixing well, it is desiccated by the following method.

To desist the compost, keep the compost in a warm room at 45 degree temperature by steam already. Heat the room and heat it up to 60-65 degrees centigrade by steam and keep this heat stable for 2-3 hours. After this, allow fresh air to flow in the chamber and slowly heat it to 50-52 degrees. Keep this heat stable for next 10 hours. After this, refresh the fresh air flow. In the next 4-5 days, its temperature is 34 to 35 degrees. Seeds are grown on normal fever. After the compost is ready, it gives a 6-8 inch thick layer or fold in the rack.

Where to arrange seeds

Mushroom seeds are called spans. The quality of the seed has a great effect on the production, so the seeds of Khumbi should be taken from the well-stocked shop. Seeds should not be more than one month old. The quantity of seed is equal to 2-5 percent of compost manure weight. Spread the seeds on the compost filled with racks and let them roll a layer of 2 to 3 cm thick compost.

Taking care of mushroom

After seeding, keep the room closed for 4-5 days. To make enough room in the room, sprinkle water on the floor and walls of the room. At this time the temperature of the room is between 34 to 38 degree centigrade and humidity between 80 to 85 percent. Should be there. In four to five days the fungal trap of Khumbi will be fully spread in the compost. These days, Khumbi does not want fresh air, so keep the room closed.
Funnel is formed after the fungus trap. The need for fresh air and light is to increase the functioning. So, keep the room windows and screenings open. For the next 3-4 days, the room temperature should be between 28 and 30 degrees and Humidity between 80 and 85% and the air remains constant. Functions will begin to form at this time. In the next 5-6 days, it is worth breaking. As soon as the membrane of the Khumbi appears after breaking, it should be broken.

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